Ph Of Urine : 9 Factors You Should Know!

What is the average pH level of urine?

The average pH of urine ranges between 4.5 and 8. However, the urine pH varies throughout the day and is used as an indicator that gives insight into a person’s overall health.

What does low-pH urine indicate?

A low-pH urine indicates that the urine is acidic. It also suggests the presence of underlying medical conditions like:

  1. Respiratory alkalosis
  2. Metabolic acidosis
  3. Kidney Infection
  4. Metabolic Disorder
  5. Diabetes
  6. Urinary tract infection (UTI)

What are the symptoms of low-pH urine?

A few symptoms of low-pH urine are mentioned below.

  1. Pain or burning during urination
  2. Frequent urination
  3. Excessive thirst
  4. Strong-smelling urine
  5. Dark-coloured urine

What are the causes of low-pH urine?

There are multiple factors that lower the pH of urine. A few of them are mentioned below.

  1. Dehydration
  2. Kidney Stones
  3. Metabolic Disorder
  4. Urinary tract infections
  5. Consumption of meat, processed food or dairy compels the body to produce more acid, decreasing urine pH.
  6. Frequent diarrhoea may also lead to bicarbonate loss in the body leading to low-pH urine.
  7. Few medicines like aspirin and thiazide diuretics reduce the body’s pH level, making urine more acidic.

What does high-pH urine indicate?

A high-pH urine indicates that the urine is alkaline. It also suggests the presence of underlying medical conditions like:

  1. Respiratory alkalosis
  2. Kidney Stone
  3. Hyperventilation Syndrome
  4. Kidney Infection
  5. Renal Failure
  6. Convulsions.
  7. Urinary tract infection (UTI)

What are the symptoms of high-pH urine?

A few symptoms of high-pH urine are mentioned below.

  1. Pain or burning during urination
  2. Strong-odour urine
  3. Frequent urination

What are the causes of high-pH urine?

There are multiple factors that increase the pH of urine. A few of them are mentioned below.

  1. Dehydration
  2. Urinary tract infections
  3. Kidney Stones
  4. Consumption of fruits and vegetables may also increase the pH of urine.
  5. Some antibiotics increase the pH of the body, thereby increasing urine pH.

Factors affecting the pH of urine

There are multiple factors that affect the pH of urine. A few of them are mentioned below.

  1. Diet: A diet can affect the pH of urine to a great extent. Consumption of processed food or animal products decreases urine pH. Whereas, plants based diet increases the pH of urine.
  2. Stress: The body counters stress by releasing hormones that alter urine pH.
  3. Age: As time passes, the human kidney becomes futile in balancing the urine pH.
  4. Presence of Bacteria: Some bacteria like Proteus or Klebsiella break down the urea of urine, altering the urine pH.

How can I balance a healthy pH level in urine?

We can follow the following tips to balance a healthy pH level in urine.

  1. Staying Hydrated: Drinking plenty of water is the key to balancing a healthy pH level in urine.
  2. Eating a balanced diet: Eating a balanced diet aid in balancing the pH level of urine. We should avoid consuming excessive dairy products, meat, eggs, sugary drinks, and processed foods.
  3. Supplements: Some supplements like potassium citrate aid in balancing the urine pH.

About the author

I am Leena Raswant, a chemistry postgraduate. I thrive on challenges and continually specified goals. I aim to learn, unlearn, relearn and spread my knowledge in the best possible ways.

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